Honduran Laws Regarding Species Trade
HONDURAN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
Chapter II, Section B: Wild Flora and Fauna
Article 41. It is understood as protected wild flora and fauna all plant and animal species subjected to special protection for being endangered or due to their condition in the ecosystem. It is prohibited to exploit, hunt, capture, trade or destroy them.
RULES FOR THE HONDURAN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
Chapter III, section fourth: SERIOUS INFRACTIONS
Article 112. The following will be considered serious infractions:
o) To import, export or internally trade protected wild flora and fauna, their products and sub products, without the corresponding permits.
Article 124. Serious infractions stated in article 112 will be punished with fines in the following way:
c) The ones stated on articles j) – s), with a fine between Six Hundred Thousand Lempiras (Lps. 600,000.00) and One Million Lempiras (Lps. 1,000,000.00).
EXECUTIVE DECREE 002-2004: RULES FOR THE CONTROL OF DEVELOPMENT IN THE BAY ISLANDS
It is forbidden to hunt and/or trade any flora or fauna species that are endangered, especially black coral and sea turtles; this includes every sub-product or handcraft made out of them.
MUNICIPALITY OF ROATAN BY LAWS (ADENDUM)
OF THE PROHIBITIONS
Article 49. The following is forbidden:
1) The exploitation, extraction, or use of the coral and similar elements of the ocean and beach;
2) The act of fishing or exploitation of the marine reserve areas declared by the municipality;
3) The hunting or trading of protected or endangered species, specially turtles, parrots, crocodiles, and deer.
International agreements signed by Honduras:
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Silvestre (CITES)
CITES is an international agreement between governments, ratified by Honduras in 1985. Its aim is to protect endangered specimens of wild animals and plants from international trade.
CITES prohibits the international trade of threatened or endangered specimens, unless it is done with non commercial purposes.
The following are CITES species:
Sea turtles, syngnatiforms (seahorses), Strombus gigas (queen conch), and cnidarians (corals and marine anemones).
INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION FOR THE PROTECTION AND CONSERVATION OF SEA TURTLES
The Inter-American Convention for the Protection and Conservation of Sea Turtles (“IAC”) is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the legal framework for countries in the American Continent to take actions in benefit of these species.
1. Each Party shall take appropriate and necessary measures, for the protection, conservation and recovery of sea turtle populations and their habitats.
2. Such measures shall include:
b. Compliance with the obligations established under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) relating to sea turtles, their eggs, parts or products.
HONDURAN FORESTRY, PROTECTED AREAS, AND WILDLIFE LAW
Article 116. Trade of wild flora and fauna.
Exportation or importation activities of wild animals and plants will be subjected to the dispositions provided by international agreements signed by Honduras regarding the subject, ecological conditions of the area, and existing regulations.